Dogs News

Leptospirosis: A real threat in the city

A Real Threat To Dogs (And Their People)

When thinking of disease hazards to dogs, most people are aware of rabies, parvovirus and kennel cough, but leptospirosis should not be ignored, especially in our urban environment. Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that may infect all domestic animals, wildlife and humans. It may cause fever, liver failure, kidney failure, abortion and even death. It is of particular concern as it is a zoonotic organism, meaning that it can be passed from animals to humans. Leptospirosis has been seen in a number of dogs right here in the city. Of note, the disease is rarely seen in cats.

Leptospirosis is spread from animal to animal via urine. This may occur from direct contact with contaminated urine, but is most frequently transmitted via contaminated water sources, such as stagnant puddles, ponds, and creeks. It may also be found in soil, contaminated bedding materials, dead animals, or be transmitted via bites. In the city the main hazard is from rats and raccoons, but other sources of wildlife may be vectors of leptospirosis. The disease is most common in warmer ties of the year in the metro area, but may be found year-round, especially in southern climates.

Initial clinical signs of leptospirosis are nonspecific and can look like many illnesses. Fever, lethargy, increased thirst and urination, vomiting, dehydration, loss of appetite, jaundice (yellowing of the mucous membranes and skin) are the most common signs seen with infection. But some dogs may never even show signs of illness. These dogs have the potential to not appear ill, but may still spread the bacteria to other animals. Oftentimes, the infection is not diagnosed until late in the disease process.

The bacteria is most damaging to the liver, and may cause liver failure. The kidneys don’t fare much better. Liver failure frequently results in yellowing of the skin and kidney failure is seen as either not producing urine or producing too much urine, leading to dehydration.

Leptospirosis is a differential diagnosis in any dog that presents with kidney failure or liver failure (or both) or presents simply not feeling well. In addition to a physical examination and thorough history taking, blood and urine tests may be performed to assess organ function and to look for markers of leptospirosis. An ultrasound of the abdomen or X-rays may also be helpful in the proper diagnosis.

Treatment involves antibiotics, hospitalization, fluids therapy, nutritional support and supportive care. When caught early enough and treated aggressively, the likelihood of recovery is good, but some dogs may not recover and others may have permanent damage to the liver and kidneys. In some cases, dogs may benefit from kidney dialysis, which allows the kidneys time to recover.

In households where a dog has been diagnosed, or is suspected of having leptospirosis, family members should contact their physician immediately. Remember, leptospirosis can be passed to people.

The best ways to prevent leptospirosis include vaccination and decreasing exposure to contaminated water stagnant ponds, puddles, rivers, marshes, etc.) and minimize contact with dead animals, especially rats. The current leptospirosis vaccines are effective at protecting dogs for at least a year and are seen as being safe. The leptospirosis vaccines are no more likely to cause adverse reactions than any other vaccine commonly administered.

When assessing your dog’s health at annual physical examinations, discuss with your veterinarian if it is appropriate to vaccinate your dog against leptospirosis. Many shelters and rescues do not provide it as part of their routine vaccination series. Owing to the ubiquitous nature of the leptospira bacteria, your dog may benefit from the vaccine.


(C) District Vet 2016


February is for Hearts

February is for hearts and love. Happy Valentine’s Day. So let’s chat about that muscle which never stops loving your pet, it’s heart.

Like your heart a dog and cat’s heart pumps blood containing oxygen and nutrients to nearly every cell in the body. The heart is an efficient pump, but when diseased or stressed, fluid may build up in the chest, abdomen or both, causing heart failure or disturbances in the normal electrical rhythm of the muscle. Heart disease in pets has many similarities to human cardiac problems, but there are also differences.

Like any physical problem, it is important to recognize when your pet may be having heart problems. Dogs and cats do not develop atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) like people and do not have classic heart attacks, but do show other signs. Although they do not grab their chest in pain, dogs may display clinical signs including decreased ability to exercise, tiring easily, cough, breathing difficulties, distended abdomen, lack of appetite, and simply acting ‘old’. Cats show similar signs, but can be even more subtle and frequently include restlessness and an inability go appear rested or comfortable, hiding, an open-mouth breathing. And sadly, in both dogs and cats, sudden death is a possibility.

Certain factors may increase your pet’s susceptibility of developing heart disease. These include a few similar to humans – being overweight, eating a poor diet, age, and genetics / familial predilection. This is particularly true in certain breeds of dog, including Boxer, Boston terrier, Cavalier King Charles spaniel, and Cocker spaniel and in Maine coon, Persian, ragdoll, and Siamese cats.

The single most important step you can take to protect your pet’s heart is to schedule regular physical exams with your veterinarian. They will listen to the heart, check for normal heart sounds and rhythm, evaluate him or her for risk factors, discuss potential problems, and monitor overall health. Many times heart problems can be medically managed.

Dogs and cats can also develop heartworm disease, a condition where spaghetti-like worms live within the right side of the heart. The worms are transmitted via bites from infected mosquitoes. Heartworm is most common in dogs, but can also occur in cats. Prevention is easy and involves giving your dog or cat a monthly preventive, either in a chewable or topical form. Heartworm disease may lead to severe cardiac compromise and even death. Giving your pet a monthly preventive is the easiest thing you can do to decrease your pet’s risk of developing the deadly disease.

Obesity is another factor strongly correlated with heart disease. Love your pet via feeding a high-quality diet and getting him or her adequate exercise. Many problems can be helped simply with diet and exercise.

The good news for pets with heart problems is that there are many effective treatments, which extend time and quality of life. Many medications used in human medicine were pioneered in the veterinary world and are proven to be safe and effective. In more serious cases of heart disease, a veterinary cardiologist may even be consulted. With proper care, diet, activity levels, and medications, many pets with heart disease may lead a happy and active life.

Remember that love from your heart this February and every day should extend to your pet’s heart, too.

Cats Dogs News

2016 Cat and Dog Resolutions (For you to do)

Canine and Feline New Year’s Resolutions

Get more exercise

We could all use more exercise, unless of course, you run your dog several miles per day. Dogs that have more exercise tend to be healthier, have joints that last longer and behave better when left alone. The side benefit is an increase to your own stamina and health. And for our feline friends, play with toys at least 20 minutes per day. Jumping, running and any vigorous exercise for your cat is beneficial. Make it fun!

Have your annual physical examination
You should see the doctor every year, and should your dog and cat. Your veterinarian is trained in performing physical examinations and seeing problems before they become evident. Early detection and treatment for many diseases and conditions can save your pet’s life and increase quality of being.

Learn a new trick every few months
If you sit and only watch television, your brain starts to slow and age more quickly. Several studies have shown the same is true with your pet’s brain – use it or lose it. Teaching your dog or cat new tricks will stimulate brain activity and will have health benefits for both the brain and the whole body. All dogs – and even cats – should be taught sit, stay and come. Try paw-shaking for both and other tricks, too. Also try using food puzzle toys. Make your dog or cat think and stay engaged.

Walk the dog more often

Dogs should be walked at least four times per day. When they hold their urine for long periods of time, it increases the likelihood of bladder infections and other problems. For your feline friends, be certain the litter box is always clean. Scoop daily and change the entire contents of the box weekly.

Brush your pet’s teeth

“You want me to brush the dog and cat’s teeth?” Yes. As with humans, good dental hygiene is essential in pets. Tartar build-up leads to bacteria in the bloodstream and can shorten life and quality of life. At your pet’s annual physical exam (see above), your veterinarian will inspect his or her teeth. If needed, your veterinarian will recommend a sedated dental cleaning with x-rays of the teeth. Having bad teeth in the mouth will cause problems beyond bad breath. Start the year with a minty smile.

Explore a new place every week
This is more for dog – get out and walk somewhere new once per week. Change up the routine. I’m certain your dog has checked every tree for pee-mail; give him or her some new surroundings. Walk along the George Washington Trail, explore the C and O Canal in Georgetown, greet visitors on the National Mall. New environments are stimulating for both you and the dog. And for cats, introduce new boxes or cat trees on occasion. They, too like to explore.

Be consistent with feeding amounts
When we doctors ask clients how much they feed their pets, we usually get the reply, “about a cup.” The problem is what is your cup? Is it a standard measuring cup or is it whatever vessel you have available at the time to feed the pet. Use the same exact cup / scoop for all feedings. This is so that if we recommend feeding more or less, it is easy to do! And you can keep feeding consistent between family members.

Microchip and ID tags
In the past we discussed microchips. If your pet does not have one, the New Year is a great time to resolve to have your pet chipped. It is also the perfect time to check that the address and phone number on file with the microchip registry is current. The best way to ensure a lost pet makes its way home is a current, active microchip.

Consider fostering a pet
Have space at home to help a homeless pet? Consider fostering through a local rescue organization. City Dogs Rescue, Washington Humane Society, Lucky Dog Rescue and a host of other rescues could use your help. What greater start to the new year than to help save a life!

From all of us at District Veterinary Hospital, have a healthy, safe, prosperous and love-filled New Year.

Dan Teich, DVM

Originally published in The Hill Rag, January 2016.


Helping Pets For The Holidays

During the holiday season, we ask ourselves what we can do for others. Help a homeless pet, but don’t limit yourself to December: help year-round. Nationwide, nearly eight million pets enter a shelter each year and half never leave. It’s heartbreaking, but you are not powerless. You can give a second chance to a dog or cat. Here’s how you can help. 

Prevent your pet from becoming lost

First, simple planning can help get your pet home in case of a mishap or accident. Always walk your dog on a leash, especially in the city. Do not let your cats outside. Pets can get spooked and become lost very quickly. While many find their way home, some do not and are found by animal control and other caring people. 

Make returning your pet home easy

All dogs and cats should have an identification tag with your name and phone number and an active microchip. A lost pet with a tag or chip is easily returned home. District Vet uses the HomeAgain chip and can readily administer one to your pet.

Spay and neuter your cats and dogs

A high number of kittens and puppies end up in shelters. Many times people do not want to spay or neuter their pets, thinking that it will alter their pets’ personality or character. This is not the case; instead, it results in unplanned pregnancies. 

Plan for the unexpected

If you were suddenly unable to care for your pets, where would they go? Discuss an emergency plan with friends and family, your veterinarian, or a rescue group.

Adopt a homeless dog or cat

The best way to help a homeless pet is to bring him or her home. There are many wonderful pets in shelters and rescues that would give anything to call you mom or dad and sleep on your couch. Here in DC we have the Washington Humane Society, Washington Animal Rescue League, City Dogs Rescue, Alley Cat Allies, and others. A furry friend is waiting for you! 


For various understandable reasons, not everyone can welcome pets into their homes long-term. An excellent short-term solution? Foster a pet! “Many rescue organizations need foster homes to care for animals until they are adopted. Foster parents help us learn more about a dog’s behavior, training level and personality so that we can match them with the right forever home,” says Amy McLean, Executive Director of City Dogs Rescue. Many rescues, including City Dogs, provide supplies and medical care for the animals being cared for by their foster families. It’s a great way to provide a happy home to an animal in need without a long-term commitment and, “In return you get lots of love, tail wags, and kisses,” says McLean. 

Contribute funds and needed supplies

Another easy way to help is to open your checkbook or log into PayPal and make a tax-deductible donation. “The adoption fee rarely covers costs of veterinary care, supplies, and training resources necessary to keep the animal healthy, safe, and happy,” says McLean. Before you purchase or drop off supplies, be sure to contact an organization to find out what they need and use.

Volunteer your time

City Dogs relies on volunteers to staff adoption events, perform home checks, transport dogs, counsel families, and more. Washington Humane Society has volunteers socialize and walk dogs at the shelters, providing them with love and attention. If you can give a few hours to a rescue or shelter, they will find a way for you to help. 

Be a social media friend

Share posts from your favorite rescue or shelter on your social media feeds. The more people who see that loving pets need a home, the less inclined they are to purchase one and the more likely they are to adopt one in need. Post away, many dogs and cats need your help. 

Happy holidays from all of us at District Veterinary Hospital.


Originally published in The Hill Rag as The District Vet column, written by Dan Teich, DVM


It’s Pickles!

We just like Pickles, our friends’ Dasha and Adam’s hedgehog. Pickles

Cats Dogs News

Preparing Your Pet For Less Stress at The Vet

This article originally appeared in the Hill Rag. It was written for our client to help make visiting us – and any vet – less stressful. And I have an affinity for sea lions, too. (dt,dvm)

Your dog or cat may not be a sea lion, but looking toward the sea lion at the zoo may help you and your pet with their next visit with us at District Vet. How? Repetitive training. The behavior of a sea lion at a training session is not innate and no animal instinctively rolls over and or hands you his or her paw. We also cannot expect a dog or cat to be fear-free in a veterinary environment without training and positive reinforcement. There are a number of steps that you can take with your pet to make veterinary visits smoother and less stressful.

Start basic training with your friend on the day they arrive home. Most pets have a fear of their feet being touched, causing anxiety when nails need to be trimmed.  This can be readily overcome by playing with their feet on a regular basis. Continue on training by performing a mock exam several times per day. Look in their ears, lift the tail, examine the webbing between the toes, comb their fur, and so on. Give praise and small treats frequently. We are happy to show you how to do all of this during your pet’s appointment or with a technician before your pet has to be seen by the doctor.

For possibly painful or uncomfortable procedures, consider sea lion trainers again: they perform a similar action many times, but in a rewarding environment and without the painful stimulus.  Consider gently pinching your pet on the thigh and shoulder so they will be used to touching in these areas as this is where vaccines are most commonly given. Thus when the real procedure needs to be performed, the dog or cat is already accustomed to the handling and methods being used. This is all part of counterconditioning – getting your dog or cat used to certain actions so that they react minimally to these actions. As one friend puts it, your pet should be completely “ho-hum” about being touched. Such training takes only a few minutes per day and will make everything – from vet visits to bathing and grooming much easier.

Your pet may be used to being handled, but not accustomed to traveling to the veterinary office. The veterinary hospital has other animals and myriad smells present. For some dogs or cats, this can be anxiety-causing. Again, we turn to positive training. If your pet only experiences unpleasantries at the vet, he or she will resent going there very time. Therefore, visit us socially, play in the lobby, have the staff give treats, walk your dog onto the scale, make the visits fun. If there is availability, ask if your pup can visit an exam room – play in there for a few minutes- toss a ball, play catch and then go home. We are happy to provide treats and encourage such visits!

Once accustomed to the doctor’s office, remember to continually reinforce the good behavior by performing the above exercises on a routine basis. Just like us, you either use the skill or you lose the skill.

Frequently clients tell us that they have difficulty getting their cat into a carrier. Consider keeping a carrier open at home, place treats inside, make it a comfortable place for the cat. Remember, in an emergency, you will need to immediately get the cat into the carrier. We also encourage you to take your dog and cat into the car and make short trips. Make the car a routine place, too.

Preparing for a visit to the veterinary office is essential. Know what you feed your pet- the amount, brand and variety. We will ask you this important information. Answering dry or canned food is not acceptable. Unless a routine visit, it may be useful to call ahead and ask these questions: Can I feed my pet before coming? Do you need a stool or urine sample? Is there anything else I should bring? If your pet is afraid of other dogs or cats, kindly request that a room be made available in advance of your arrival. We want to make it as easy as possible on your furry friend.

Sometimes we may request your pet be fasted before the visit. Recently ingested food can result in a large amount of triglycerides, or fats in the blood. These fats can then cause blood tests to be inaccurate. Pack a small baggie with your pet’s favorite treats and bring it with you, especially if your pet is on a restricted or special diet.

So long as we don’t have any reason to restrict exercise, play with your dog for at least 30 minutes prior to visiting the office. This makes them expend most of their energy and as we know, a tired dog is a good dog. Use caution if you have an older dog or if the pet is unwell or is in need of special diagnostic testing.

Upon arrival always have your dog leashed and your cat in a closed carrier. If you have a small dog that is comfortable in a carrier, it may be safest for him or her to come to the office in the carrier. Find a place in the waiting room away from other pets and if your pet is uncomfortable or too excited, request to be placed into an exam room. Most of the time this is possible.

Once in the exam room and with the doctor or assistant, you – the client, need to be prepared as well. Your behavior and actions are key to a successful visit. Many people have their own hesitation visiting the doctor’s office and even shirk away and turn their heads in the presence of needles. The cat or dog will pick up on your queues and may be nervous as well. Be brave and do not let the pet know you are nervous. This is even the case when the pet is ill and you are worried about his or her health. Remain calm, speak clearly and provide support to yourself and the pet.

Your friend isn’t a sea lion, but the same training techniques used by the professionals at the zoo can be applied to make your pet more comfortable at the vet’s office. And we all appreciate a happy, low stress visit.


District Veterinary Hospital

(c) 2015


Thanks for the Halloween Photos!

Halloween 2015 was fun. We started with Gray’s rat friend in a bee costume and all of you added photos of your furry and even scaly friends. Maybe we will have another holiday dress up in late December.

Cats Dogs Friends News

Happy, Healthy Treats for Your Pup and Kitten – All Local

As cooler weather descends and the holidays sneak up on us, our pups and kittens will be getting less exercise and more treats. We can avoid adding winter weight and continue to show happy love to our dogs and cats. It is imperative to give healthy treats and to avoid choices that may be unsafe or even toxic.

A good place to turn is the local farmers’ markets, such as at Eastern Market. Many fruits are tasty and nutritious for pups. A few are not.

Sliced peaches are yummy and nutritious. We sampled a few this past weekend at Eastern Market. Be certain that the dog does not eat or have access to the pit. Peach pits will get stuck in your dog’s intestines and may need to be surgically removed. Apples are also in season and a few slices will be loved by most dogs. Again, avoid the seeds, but this is because they contain a small amount of cyanide. Eating an entire apple’s worth of seeds will not be toxic, but large quantities can cause serious medical problems. Watermelon, without the rind is cherished, as are strawberries, oranges, kiwis, pineapple, and blueberries.

On the vegetable side, carrots, sliced sweet potato, and broccoli are low in calories and taste great. Be certain to have them in bite-size pieces.

Being at the farmers’ market does not guarantee that item is safe, though. Always steer clear of grapes, raisins and all grape products. They are toxic at any level and should always be avoided. Never feed your dog onions, garlic, avocado, chocolate or other items that contain caffeine.

Many dog like chewable treats. Use these with care. Hooves, bones and antlers are hard and can break teeth. In some cases dogs swallow larger chunks of these items and cause an intestinal blockage. If your dog gnaws them slowly and will not swallow whole pieces, these may work for your pup.

There are a few safer options for chewers. The Big Bad Woof in Old Takoma has tasty Earth Animal products – one of their favorites is a rawhide that is made from chicken which is readily digested. Regular rawhides digest very slowly, which can cause problems if dogs eat larger pieces; these do not have that problem.

Many dogs have allergies to specific proteins, but still like to chew. Howl to The Chief on 8th Street, SE, maintains a large selection of Barkworthies single ingredient products, such as lamb chews and even kangaroo chews. These may be good alternatives for our food allergic canines.

Our feline friends are more discerning regarding their treats. Some like cat grass, others will eat dried fish flakes. Both are available at Metro Mutts, along with dog treats, too.

Even if you are using healthy and natural treats, be mindful that they all contain calories. Too many will lead to excessive weight gain. Although it’s the winter, remember to get your dog or cat regular exercise. It’s good for you and them.

Dan Teich, DVM

Originally published in The Hill Rag

Cats Dogs News

Halloween Safety Reprise.

I love Halloween. Not sure why – probably the pumpkins and the dogs and cats in cool outfits. Well, even Nala, Beth’s feline friend will be dressing up. Halloween presents a number of safety issues for dogs and cats. Here’s a few tips in no particular order to keep our dogs and cats in DC safe.
The front door escape artist: Halloween, after the Fourth of July, is the most common time for pets to become lost. You will be opening the door many times and paying attention to the trick-or-treaters at the door – admiring their Shrek costumes.  In the interim, it is easy for the dog or cat to dash outside, many times unnoticed. It is best to keep your dogs or cats in a closed room away from the front door.
Microchips: Being a former shelter veterinarian, I cannot stress enough the importance of having your pet microchipped. If he or she was to get outside and become spooked, you want the best chance of getting him or her back home as soon as possible. Nearly every shelter and mot vets have microchip scanners and can facilitate getting the two of you reunited as soon as possible. Please talk to us at District Veterinary Hospital about microchips! You can walk in anytime for this service.
Candy! Candy! Candy!: Who doesn’t like Mike and Ikes? But be wary, the dog does, too. Keep all candy far out of reach of the dog, and even cats. Dark chocolate may cause severe problems if ingested as well as many sugar-free candies. Candy without sugar is generally flavored with xylitol, which can cause dogs blood sugar to drop dangerously low and may also cause liver damage.
Pumpkins and corn:  The dog eating too much pumpkin can cause intestinal upset and diarrhea. Eating corncobs may result in intestinal obstruction, requiring emergency surgery to correct.
Keep your cat indoors for a few days: Black cats in particular should not be allowed outside for a few days before and a few days after the holiday. Put simply – not everyone is nice to black cats, especially at this time of year. Many shelters do not adopt out black cats in late October as a safety precaution.
Dressing your pug as Shrek: Please be aware that although the cat may look adorable as a bumblebee, the cat may disagree. If your pet is uncomfortable or struggles at all, take off the costume. Also, please be wary of any buttons, loose cords or thread or anything that the pet may ingest. And NEVER leave your pet unattended in a costume for any length of time. Please also be cautious that the costume doesn’t cause your friend to overheat.
The walks with the kids: Although Fido may enjoy walks, consider not bringing him or her trick-or-treating. As above, there are a lot of scary things going on for dogs and he or she may easily be spooked. You may also encounter other spooked dogs, setting up a potentially unpleasant situation.
Candles and decorations: Halloween is scary enough without your cat lighting his or her tail on fire. I have personally seen this happen. Be careful of all holiday decorations, especially jack-o’-lanterns with candles – these may easily be knocked over, causing harm to your pet and potentially causing a fire. Decorations that make noise or have flashing lights or fast movements may frighten pets as well. As with winter holidays, be wary of stringed lights and all electrical cords, dogs or cats may chew on them or get tangled in them.
Friends News

Support Our Friends at Doggie Style

Dr. Teich has known Krista Heinz and friends for many years. Doggie Style on 18th Street, NW, is one of the main sources of Brian’s toys and is a great place for grooming and dog food, too. As a small business, Krista will bend over backwards to see that you and hour dog are happy. It’s what we small business people do. Below is a bit more information about Doggie Style directly from their website.


Doggie Style Bakery, Boutique & Pet Spa opened in 2002 with one goal: to provide a local alternative to big-box pet stores. Long before “going green” was popular, Doggy Style Bakery, Boutique & Pet Spa was finding as many products as we could that were made by ethically-sound, privately-owned companies and offering them to our customers.

From all-natural pet foods (none of which were affected by the May 2007 pet food recall) to the chemical-free shampoos and grooming products, Doggy Style is a store that you can trust to offer only the best for your pet.

Look around at your local pet store today and there are lots of treats that are labeled as ‘natural’ or ‘organic’ and more and more are made in the USA. But when we started out, this was not the case.

Today, Doggy Style Bakery provides a wide range of hand-made treats that will make YOUR mouth water. Doggy Style’s hand-made treats are one of the many reason that our customers love us. And, more than a few times, our canine friends have broken free from their owners and headed straight for our bakery! From birthday cakes (which are made fresh to order) to everyday treats, Doggy Style Bakery’s treats are loved by our canine companions…and you can be sure that they are good for them too.

We know that you need more than treats to raise a healthy puppy, so we’ve sniffed out all kinds of cute, eco-friendly, all-natural, and organic products to offer to your pooch. We even found quite a few for your cat!

All of the dog and cat foods, and the dog chews (such as Bully Sticks, Pig’s Ears, and even Rawhides) that we carry are all-natural, contain no by-products, and most are manufactured right here in the United States. They are the types of foods that you would eat, just made for your dog or cat.

Our toys, apparel, designer bowls, beds, leashes and collars are all carefully chosen. Many of these products are manufactured in the United States.

When you bring your dog for grooming at Doggy Style Pet Spa, our first goal is to ensure that he or she has a positive experience with us. We use all-natural, chemical-free shampoos and products at no extra charge to you. We do not use cage dryers, eliminating the concern that your pet may overheat during the grooming process. We also provide an open environment for your pet where he or she can see what’s happening at all times and where we can keep a watchful eye on them as well.

To make the grooming process even easier on your pet, we recommend a ‘socialization’ visit the first time they visit us. This is a 10-15 minute visit where your dog is brought into the grooming room and allowed to simply acclimate to the environment. Your dog is then returned to you without any grooming. This allows your dog to have a positive experience with us on the first visit and makes being left with us in the future less stressful on your pet. This is not necessary, but it is a FREE service, and one that we recommend.

Call or TEXT us today at 202-667-0595 to book an appointment or with any questions about our bakery, boutique or pet spa.